Bone is living tissue. It is constantly being absorbed and replaced throughout one's lifespan. Bone mass decreases when the absorption rate exceeds the rate of production.
When bone tissue's protein and mineral content are reduced, affecting bone mass, that is osteopenia. This is less severe than its commonly known progression – osteoporosis. Osteoporosis is low bone mineral density caused by altered bone microstructure.
Why should I worry about the density of my bones?
- Osteoporosis, and the altered bone microstructure, ultimately lead to low-impact fragility fractures.
- According to Physio-Pedia.com, Osteoporosis is present in >70% of the population over 80 years of age.
- More common in females than males
- Over 9 million fragility fractures are reported per year worldwide
- Areas with less Vitamin D (further from the equator) see much higher rates of incidence
- Comorbidities and medication use can also be attributed to the development of osteopenia or osteoporosis at much earlier than expected ages.
Can anything help with thin bone density?
Physiotherapy can help strengthen muscle AND bone. Because bone is living tissue, it can be improved through some types of exercise.
Physiotherapy interventions can also help with the management of osteoporosis through:
- Reduction of bone thinning
- Reduce falls
- Help manage pain
Specific exercise types incorporated in care are dependent on a client's given fracture risk but could include weight bearing, flexibility & strength, postural, balance and/or high-intensity training exercises.
Ready to get started on a physiotherapy program?
Call 403-986-7937 to set up an assessment and customized treatment plan.